Chronology Of Tennessee, 1796-1896
11, Constitutional Convention met at Knoxville, William Blount,
President; William Maclin, Secretary. March 31, William Blount
and William Cocke were elected United States Senators; William
Maclin, Secretary of State. June 1, this State admitted into the
1797. July 8,
William Blount expelled from the United States Senate.
December 3, second session of General Assembly met at Knoxville;
William Blount elected Speaker.
26, the first camp meeting was held in the State in Sumner
Governor William Blount died at Knoxville, March 21, Geo.
Rutledge was commissioned Brigadier-General of Washington
September 21, the General Assembly met at Knoxville and
adjourned, November 14. November 6, Gallatin, Rutledge, Lebanon
and Tazewell were established.
Sevier, Moses Fisk and John Rutledge, of Tennessee and Creed
Taylor, Joseph Martin and Peter Johnson, of Virginia, appointed
Commissioners to survey the line between Virginia and Tennessee.
State composed of three Congressional Districts, Washington,
Hamilton and Mero; Commissioners appointed to survey boundary
line between Kentucky and Tennessee; Jackson challenged Sevier
Legislature provided for public roads; horse racing inaugurated
in Tennessee, at Gallatin.
Burr visits Nashville; Governor William Brownlow, born in
Virginia, August 29, died at Knoxville, April 29, 1877.
Coleman, first Mayor of Nashville. March 1, duel between W. A.
McNairy and General William Coffee.
Tennessee College (Blount College) established at Knoxville;
General William Campbell, born at Nashville,. February 1, died
at Nashville, August 19, 1867.
Assembly (second session) met at Kingston, April 3, adjourned
April 22; Andrew Johnson, born in North Carolina, December 29,
died at Carter's Station, Tennessee, July 31, 1875.
1809. Hugh L.
White and G. W. Campbell, first Supreme Judges; Governor James
C. Jones, born in Davidson County, ;. April 20, died at Memphis,
October 29, 1859.
February 4, the Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized at
Samuel McAdow's residence, Dickson County, as an independent
Presbytery; Governor Neill S. Brown, born in Giles County, April
18, died at Nashville, 1886.
Court vested with exclusive equity jurisdiction; the General
Assembly met in Knoxville for the last time, except in 1817;
Reynoldsburg, Elkton, Washington (in Rhea) and Murfreesboro were
established; Reelfoot Lake made by an earthquake.
Blount furnishes the War Department twenty-five hundred men for
the war of 1812-15; State divided into six Congressional
Districts; importation of slaves prohibited for five years;
Jackson gets "Old Hickory;" Nashville Whig established.
Governor authorized to march three thousand and five hundred men
against the Creek Indians; Andrew Jackson appointed
Major-General in the United States Army.
Robertson died at Chickasaw Agency, Memphis, September 1 ;
President Madison appointed George W. Campbell, Secretary of the
United States Treasury.
of New Orleans fought, January 8; Parry W, Humphreys appointed,
November 29, Commissioner, for Tennessee, to settle line between
Kentucky and Tennessee; Joseph Anderson appointed Comptroller of
the United States Treasury.
Jackson negotiated with the Cherokees and Chickasaws to
extinguish their claims to lands in Tennessee.
Legislature met, September 15, at Knoxville; General John Cocke
and James S. Gaines, of Tennessee, and Captain Stock and James
Carmack, of Georgia, were appointed to run a line between these
Jackson and Isaac Shelby made a treaty, October 19, with the
Chickasaws by which all territory north of 35° and east of the
Mississippi was ceded to Tennessee; Isham G. Harris, born at
Tullahoma, February 10.
Thirteenth General Assembly met at Murfreesboro; Governor McMinn
recommended the establishment of penitentiary; June 6, President
Monroe visited Nashville; June 19, all the banks of the State
suspend specie payment except Bank of Tennessee; October 19,
"Tennessee Antiquarian Society" organized, Judge John Haywood,
Alexander Smith, Isaac Allen and Simeon Perry appointed to run
the line between North Carolina and Tennessee; General Assembly,
second session, met at Murfreesboro, June 26; Tennessee voted
for James Monroe for President, and D. D. Tompkins for
Fourteenth General Assembly met, September 17, at Murfreesboro;
General Andrew Jackson appointed Territorial Governor of
Florida, and Alexander Anderson of Tennessee, United States
District Attorney of West Florida.
Assembly, second session, met at Murfreesboro, July 22 to August
24; it established nine Congressional Districts; swords voted
Generals Jackson and Gaines for gallantry in the war of 1812-15.
Fifteenth General Assembly met at Murfreesboro, September 15 to
November 29, General Carroll reelected Governor without much
opposition; Pioneer established, at Jackson, first newspaper in
Assembly, second session, held at Murfreesboro from September 20
to October 22; Presidential vote of Tennessee: Andrew Jackson,
twenty thousand one hundred and ninety-seven; Adams, two hundred
and sixteen; Crawford, three hundred and twelve.
Sixteenth General Assembly, first session, held at Murfreesboro
from September 19 to December 7; General Lafayette visited
Legislature, having met at Murfreesboro from 1819 to 1826,
convened the second session at Nashville, October 16, and held
to December 11; Memphis Advocate, first newspaper at Memphis,
established; the Nashville Bank failed; duel between General
William White and Sam Houston; Governor Carroll, in a
proclamation, April 8, declared Nashville the Capital of the
State from May 1, ensuing.
Seventeenth General Assembly held at Nashville from September 17
to December 15; a fund established for the support of free
Jackson elected President of the United States, and served from
March 4, 1829, till March 4, 1837; Presidential vote of
Tennessee: General Jackson, forty-four thousand and ninety; John
Q. Adams, two thousand two hundred and forty.
Governor Sam Houston resigned and William Hall, Speaker of the
Senate, became Governor; Senator John H. Eaton appointed
Secretary of War.
Parrish, Cashier of the Bank of Tennessee, defaulted for two
hundred thousand dollars.
Imprisonment for debt abolished; Dr. Gerard Troost appointed
State Geologist; John H. Eaton appointed United States Minister
Nineteenth General Assembly, second session, held at Nashville
from September 3 to October 22; Presidential vote of Tennessee:
Jackson, twenty-eight thousand seven hundred and forty; Henry
Clay, one thousand four hundred and thirty-six; December 13,
cholera declared to exist in Nashville.
for a Constitutional Convention, fifty-three thousand six
hundred and thirty-nine; vote for Representatives, ninety
thousand seven hundred and eighty-one. Twentieth General
Assembly, first session, held at Nashville from September 16 to
December 2; cholera in Tennessee.
1834. On the
first Thursday and Friday of March an election was held for
sixty delegates to Constitutional Convention; it assembled at
Nashville, May 19 to August 30, William B. Carter was President,
William K. Hill, Secretary; John Bell was Speaker of the House
of Representatives of the Twenty-third Congress.
Constitution of 1834 was ratified on March 5 and 6 by forty-two
thousand six hundred and sixty-six for, to seventeen thousand
six hundred and ninety-one against it.
Governor Cannon convened the Twenty-first General Assembly to
defray the expense of the surveys of the Louisville, Cincinnati
& Charleston Railroad, it met October 3 to 26; March 6, David
Crockett was killed at the Alamo.
Twenty-second General Assembly, first session, met in October
and adjourned January 27, 1838, Judge John Catron was made
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving
till May 8, 1865, when he died at Nashville.
Grundy appointed Attorney-General of the United States, July 7,
and served till January 10, 1840.
Governor Sam Houston visited Tennessee; total State school money
invested in stocks, eight hundred and thirty-five thousand and
Presidential vote: W. H. Harrison, Whig, sixty thousand three
hundred and ninety-one; Martin Van Buren, Democrat, forty-eight
thousand two hundred and eighty-nine; April 10, Hugh L. White
died at Knoxville; December 19, Felix Grundy died at Nashville.
Twenty-fourth General Assembly met from October 4 to February 7,
1842; President Harrison appointed John Bell, Secretary of War.
1842. P. Lindsley, W. G. Dickson, J.
Waters, R. C. K. Martin, J. W. McCombs, J. M. Hill and Wilkins
Tannehill commissioned Lunatic Asylum Commissioners.
Twenty-fifth General Assembly held from October 2 to January 31,
1844; Nashville was established the permanent seat of
government; Marshal Bertrand, of France, visited Nashville.
K. Polk was nominated and elected to the Presidency; Henry Clay
carried Tennessee over Polk; Governor William Carroll died at
Nashville, March 22.
Commercial Convention at Memphis, Calhoun, President; Polk
inaugurated President, March 4, Cave Johnson appointed
Postmaster-General; A. J. Donelson appointed Minister to
Prussia; William H. Polk, Minister to Naples; General Robert
Armstrong, Consul to Liverpool; Gen. Jackson died June 8, he was
born March 15, 1767.
war declared; Governor Brown called for two thousand eight
hundred volunteers, and thirty thousand volunteered; Gideon J.
Pillow, Brigadier-General of Volunteers, United States Army;
Tennessee furnished one regiment of cavalry and three of
infantry to the Mexican war.
Twenty-seventh General Assembly held from October 4 to February
7, 1848; Georgia Railroad completed to Chattanooga.
Presidential vote: Zachary Taylor, Whig, sixty-four thousand
seven hundred and five; Lewis Cass, Democrat, fifty-eight
thousand four hundred and nineteen; Van Buren, Free Soil, none;
first telegraphic dispatch received in Tennessee.
Twenty-eighth General Assembly held from October 4 to February
11, 1850; Neill S. Brown appointed Minister to Russia; cholera
visited Tennessee; Tennessee Historical Society established, May
Visitation of cholera in Tennessee.
President Fillmore appointed Luke Lea, Indian Commissioner;
Twenty-ninth General Assembly held from October 16 to March 1,
carried Tennessee by one thousand eight hundred and eighty
majority; Presidential vote: Winfield Scott, Whig, fifty-eight
thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight; Franklin Pierce,
Democrat, fifty-seven thousand and eighteen; Hale, Free Soil,
none; Insane Asylum at Nashville was opened March 1.
Thirtieth General Assembly met in the new Capitol October 3 to
March 6, 1854; William Trousdale, Minister to Brazil; John L.
Marling, Minister to Venezuela.
H. Foster died at Nashville, September 14.
Thirty-first General Assembly met October 1 to March 3, 1856;
yellow fever visited Tennessee; Philip Lindsley, a pioneer
educator, died May 25.
Government bought the Hermitage for the State for forty-eight
thousand dollars; Presidential vote: James Buchanan, Democrat,
seventy-three thousand six hundred and thirty-six; Millard
Fillmore, sixty-six thousand one hundred and seventeen.
Thirty-second General Assembly held from October 5 to March 22.
1858; Aaron V. Brown appointed Postmaster-General; Southern
Commercial Convention held at Knoxville.
Williams appointed Minister to Turkey; D. W. Ballew and A. L.
Burch appointed to run a line between Virginia and Tennessee.
Thirty-third General Assembly met October 3 and adjourned March
26, 1860; Governor Aaron V. Brown died August 15; Governor James
C. Jones died October 29; on November 18, Allen A. Hall, editor
of the News, killed George G. Poindexter, editor of the Union
and American, at Nashville.
Tennessee's Presidential vote: John Bell, Constitutional
Unionist, sixty-nine thousand two hundred and seventy-four; John
C. Breckinridge, Democrat, sixty-four thousand seven hundred and
nine; Stephen A. Douglas, Democrat, eleven thousand three
hundred and fifty; Abraham Lincoln, none.
Legislature met, January 7, in extra session; June 24, Governor
Harris declared the State out of the Union; August 1, members
were elected to the Confederate Congress; war begins.
at Mill Springs, January 18, General Zollicoffer killed; Fort
Henry fell, February 6; Fort Donelson surrendered, February 16;
Legislature met, February 20, in Memphis; the Federals occupied
Nashville, February 25; Andrew Johnson commissioned Military
Governor by the United States Government and took charge March
12; battle of Shiloh, April 6-7; Albert Sidney Johnston,
Commander of Department of Tennessee, killed April 6; Fort
Pillow fell, June 4; Memphis surrendered, June 7.
of Stones River, January 1-2; Brigadier- Generals J. E. Raines
killed at Murfreesboro, January 1, and Preston Smith killed at
Chickamauga, September 19; President Lincoln appointed Allen A.
Hall, Minister to Bolivia.
Convention at Nashville, September 5, nominated electors pledged
to vote for Lincoln and Johnson, they were elected but not
counted by Congress.
Army of Tennessee, Confederate States of America, under General
J. E. Johnston, surrendered, April 26, at Greensboro, North
Carolina; General E. Kirby-Smith surrendered, May 26; cavalry
force of Lieutenant-General N. B. Forrest, under General Dick
Taylor, surrendered at Meridian, Mississippi, May 4; the
Constitutional amendments were ratified, February 22, by
twenty-five thousand two hundred and ninety-three for, to
forty-eight against; Governor Brownlow and the Legislature were
elected, March 4; Andrew Johnson qualified as Vice-President,
Governor Brownlow convened the Legislature, July 4, in extra
session to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution
of the United States, it adjourned July 25, the second session
convened from November 5 to March 11, 1867; Cave Johnson died at
Clarksville, November 23.
negroes obtained the right of suffrage, February 25;
Thirty-fifth General Assembly, first session, met October 7 to
March 16, 1868; Governor W. B. Campbell, born at Nashville,
February 1, 1807, died August 19, 1867.
1868. D. B.
Cliffe was appointed receiver of Memphis, Clarksville &
Louisville Railroad, January 16, and on July 14, of the
Nashville & Northwestern Railroad; Legislature met in extra
session in July; it met again from October 9 to March 1, 1869.
Legislature met October 4 to March 5, 1870; first time since the
war that the Democrats had a majority; Tipton elected
Superintendent of Public Schools in August.
Constitutional Convention met at Nashville from January 10 to
February 23, John C. Brown, President; Constitution was
ratified, March 26, by ninety-eight thousand one hundred and
twenty-eight for, to thirty- three thousand eight hundred and
seventy-two against it; Thirty-sixth General Assembly, second
session, met from May 9 to July 11; it fixed the number of
Representatives at seventy-five.
debts: forty-one million eight hundred and sixty-three thousand
four hundred and six dollars and sixty-nine cents; for railroads
and turnpikes, thirty-one million three hundred thousand four
hundred and seventeen dollars and fourteen cents; State debt
proper, four million eight hundred and nineteen thousand five
hundred and forty-four dollars and twenty-six cents; bonds
indorsed and interest to January 1, 1872, four million
seventy-five thousand and twenty-eight dollars; Thomas O'Connor
and R. F. Looney lease the penitentiary, November 17;
Thirty-seventh General Assembly, first session, met from October
2 to December 16; William Morrow, Treasurer, Superintendent of
Public Instruction, ex-officio; J. B. Killebrew, Assistant.
Governor Brown convened the Legislature in extra session from
March 12 to April 1; Governor Trousdale died, March 27.
Thirty-eighth General Assembly, first session, held from January
6 to March 25 ; it apportioned the State into Congressional
Districts; John M. Fleming appointed State Superintendent of
Public Schools, March 25.
Matt. Brown appointed Warden of the Penitentiary, May 7.
Thirty-ninth General Assembly met from January 4 to March 24; J.
B. Killebrew appointed Commissioner of Agriculture, March 6;
Leon Trousdale appointed Superintendent of Public Instruction,
March 25; Andrew Johnson died, July 31; Horace Maynard appointed
Minister to Turkey and served till 1880.
1876. R. P.
Neeley appointed receiver of the Mississippi Central & Tennessee
Fortieth General Assembly, first session, met from January 1 to
March 27; first extra session met December 5 and the second,
December 11 ; Governor W. C. Brownlow died at Knoxville, April
fever raged in West Tennessee.
Forty-first General Assembly, first session, held from January 1
to April 1; Leon Trousdale was appointed Superintendent of
Public Instruction; J. B. Killebrew appointed Commissioner of
Agriculture; December 16, extra session of the Legislature met
and held to December 24.
Democratic Convention in June named two candidates for Governor;
the State Credit faction named John V. Wright, the Low Tax
faction nominated S. F. Wilson; the Republicans nominated Alvin
G. Hawkins, who was elected.
Forty-second General Assembly, first session, held from January
3 to April 7; A. W. Hawkins was Commissioner of Agriculture; W.
S. Doak, Superintendent of Public Instruction; the first extra
session of the Legislature held from December 7 to 26.
Forty-second General Assembly, second extra session, met from
April 6 to 26; third extra session held from April 27 to May 22.
Forty-third General Assembly, first session, held from January 1
to March 30; J. M. Sa fiord was appointed State Geologist.
Republican Railroad Commissioners were elected, November 4, W.
W. Murray, A. M. Hughes, and M. J. Condon. Governor Bate,
Democrat, defeated Frank T. Reid, Republican, for Governor.
Forty-fourth General Assembly, first session, held from January
5 to April 9; an extra session met from May 25 to June 13, to
make appropriations for the year; James D. Porter appointed
First Assistant Secretary of State of the United States; J. D.
C. Atkins, United States Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Albert
Roberts, United States Consul at Hamilton, Ontario; Peter Staub,
United States Consul at Basle, Switzerland; W. R. Hening, United
States Consul it Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
Turney, W. C. Caldwell, H. H. Lurton, W. C. Fowlkes and B. L.
Snodgrass, Democrats, were elected Supreme Judges; August 5,
Governor Neill S. Brown died.
Forty-fifth General Assembly, first session, held from January 3
to March 29; B. M. Hord appointed Commissioner of Agriculture,
March 19; F. M. Smith appointed State Superintendent of Public
Instruction, April 26.
Park appointed Inspector of Mines to serve until April 1, 1891.
Robert L. Taylor inaugurated Governor, the second term; the
Forty-sixth General Assembly convened at Nashville on the first
Monday in January.
1890. John P.
Buchanan elected Governor.
Rebellion in the penitentiary occurred; Governor Albert S. Marks
died at Nashville, November 4; Forty-seventh General Assembly
met on the first Monday in January.
Turney elected Governor.
of Ex-President and Mrs. Polk were removed to the Capitol
grounds; Forty-eighth General Assembly met on the first Monday
Democratic Supreme Judges were elected.
Forty-ninth General Assembly convened first Monday in January.
Election contest between Turney and Evans for Governor; Evans
was qualified, February 6, and thus for a while two Governors
existed. Augusts, Judge H. K. Jackson died; S. G. Gilbreath
appointed State Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Construction of Centennial Exposition building's begun.
Inaugural Ceremonies of the Tennessee Centennial held June 1 and
2. The Centennial Exposition Committee, because of an
insufficiency of funds, and owing to the short time for the
promulgation of such a gigantic scheme, deemed it necessary to
defer the Exposition until May 1, 1897.
Source: History of Tennessee, by George
D. Free, A.M., Nashville, Tennessee, 1895-1896.